03 December 2022

First Man taking Jab

His Excellency`s first Jab
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03 December 2022
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03 December 2022
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03 December 2022
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Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs)

The proportion of children with acute respiratory infection (ARIs) taken to health facilities increased from 19.6% in 2004 to 70% in 2010. There has been reduction in pneumonia case fatality from 18% in 2000 to 5.7 % in 2008.

Non-Communicable Disease (NCDs)

Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then ..

Malaria in children under five

Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective of treatment is to ensure complete cure. Children under 5 years of age are one of most vulnerable groups affected by malaria.

HIV and AIDS

With a national average adult HIV prevalence of 10.6% and about 50,000 deaths annually associated with HIV, Malawi, like most countries in the Southern African region still faces a severe HIV epidemic with resultant socio-economic development challenges.

Tuberculosis (TB)

From the high of 28,000 cases in 2003 there has been a downward trend to about 23,000 cases notified in 2010. Malawi implements the Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) strategy. There has been a steady increase in the proportion of patients successfully treated reaching 88% by 2010. The TB/HIV Co-infection rate consistently remains above 60%. The risk factors include: lack of access to diagnosis and treatment; poor health status (HIV, malnutrition, mental illness); environmental conditions (poor housing and overcrowding in prisons); lifestyle (alcohol and drugs abuse) and poor hygiene. The programme has embarked on the Universal Access to TB diagnosis and care and treatment.

Current health promotion emphasis/messaging:

  • TB screening, prevention and adherence to treatment through sputum test for coughs of more than two weeks
  • Patients to take all the drugs for the duration of treatment
  • TB is curable even when co-infected with HIV
  • Patients to cover their mouths when coughing or sneezing
  • Sleep in a well ventilated room

Good nutrition by eating food from all the six food groups

 

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