ACUTE DIARRHOEA DISEASES
Dehydration from diarrhoea is one of the major casues of death in young children worldwide . The prevalence of diarrhoea overall is estimated at 17.5 % with 38 % in children 6-12months, a higher % of reported cases without access to improved drinking water and sanitation , and 60% seeking treatment from a fomal health provider and 24.2 % of children under 6 months reportedely not receiving any treatment at all. The BoD assessment calculates that the number of episodes of acute diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age is over 13 million per year yet the health service treated only 324,000 in 2010, which suggests only 12% of need is being met.
The plan is to increase this by 10% a year for the duration of HSSP through better access to health centres. Reorientation to homemade ORS would reduce the dependence of families on the health sector for what is a common and treatable condition and save money and lives.