Malaria in children under five
Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective of treatment is to ensure complete cure. Children under 5 years of age are one of most vulnerable groups affected by malaria. In Africa, about 285 000 children died before their fifth birthdays in 2016. In high transmission areas, partial immunity to the disease is acquired during childhood. In such settings, the majority of malarial disease, and particularly severe disease with rapid progression to death, occurs in young children without acquired immunity.
Common signs and symptoms of Malaria
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Muscle pain and fatigue.
Diagnosis and treatment
As with any patient, children with suspected malaria should be taken to a health facility with 24 hours after showing signs and symptoms, and be tested for confirmation of diagnosis before treatment begins, provided that diagnosis does not significantly delay treatment.
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