03 December 2022

First Man taking Jab

His Excellency`s first Jab
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03 December 2022
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03 December 2022
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03 December 2022
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Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs)

The proportion of children with acute respiratory infection (ARIs) taken to health facilities increased from 19.6% in 2004 to 70% in 2010. There has been reduction in pneumonia case fatality from 18% in 2000 to 5.7 % in 2008.

Non-Communicable Disease (NCDs)

Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then ..

Malaria in children under five

Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective of treatment is to ensure complete cure. Children under 5 years of age are one of most vulnerable groups affected by malaria.

HIV and AIDS

With a national average adult HIV prevalence of 10.6% and about 50,000 deaths annually associated with HIV, Malawi, like most countries in the Southern African region still faces a severe HIV epidemic with resultant socio-economic development challenges.

Utilizing Mosquito Nets to prevent Malaria

Malaria is responsible for about 40% of all hospitalization of children less than five years old and 34% of all outpatient visits across all ages. There are approximately six million episodes treated annually. Sleeping under treated bed nets is at 56% for children under the age of 5 years and ITN utilization among children tends to decrease with age.  Children less than 12 months old are 1.3 times more likely to sleep under an ITN compared with children age 48-59 months (63% and 49% respectively). Children in rural areas are slightly more likely than children in urban areas to use ITNs (56%  and 54% , respectively). Utilization of mosquito nets among pregnant women is at 51%  and pregnant women in rural areas are more likely to use a net than those from urban areas (47% versus 51% respectively). Among households with at least one ITN 70% of the household members use those nets. Other risk factors for malaria include lack of drainage, rubbish clearing, late treatment seeking behaviour and inadequate indoor residual house spraying.

Current health promotion emphasis/messaging:

  • Prevention of mosquito bites e.g. through sleeping under a net at all times and eliminating the breeding grounds of mosquitoes by keeping  surroundings clean and dry

Early and prompt diagnosis and treatment: going to the health facility within 24 hours of a fever, completing treatment.

 

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MALAWI